To achieve the goals of social justice, we need to reform society at the system level. We need to dismantle racism, sexism, cissexism, heterosexism, genderism, ableism, classism, and more.

Too much of social justice discourse and calls-to-action are focused on the -ists, the people participating in (and perpetuating) those systems.

Our focus on individual actors keeps increasing in social justice spaces I occupy. Itโ€™s almost all of what I notice in online social justice activism/advocacy. Iโ€™m guessing youโ€™ve noticed it, too.

This focus often takes the form of punitive social justice, identifying perpetrators, dragging them, publicly shaming them, โ€œcancelingโ€ them.

We also see it in listicles with titles that highlight the # Ways Youโ€™re Part of the Problem. Or the inverse: # Ways to Be Part of the Solution.

We experience it in workshops with activities designed to highlight individuals’ privilege or contributions to oppression.

Every time a finger gets pointed at a person โ€” whether theyโ€™re a Fortune 500 CEO or a high school student โ€” weโ€™re focusing on an -ist.

We do it because it feels good, or tangible, or even just doable. Itโ€™s something thatโ€™s within our power. The system seems out of reach.

Every campaign to โ€œcancelโ€ an -ist โ€” whether successful or not โ€” isnโ€™t the same as addressing the system. It brings our attention away from the system and toward an individual within it.

It’s the -ism that created the conditions where that person’s behavior seemed right, celebrated, or like the only path they could walk, but instead of addressing that, we scapegoat the -ist. A ceremonial sacrifice that opens up a vacancy the machine will dutifully fill with a replacement who can perform the role.

The system is unscathed, and potentially strengthened: the next person won’t make that same misstep, better concealing the machinations of the -ism.

Do we need to focus on -ists, to some extent, in the pursuit of social justice? To hold people accountable, transform them, foster growth?

Maybe. I donโ€™t know. I certainly know that Iโ€™m not saying โ€” here, now โ€” that we never should, or that we never need to.

What Iโ€™m saying is that focusing on -ists will never be sufficient. That itโ€™s energy weโ€™re directing toward a symptom, not a cause.

And that if we donโ€™t do it carefully, itโ€™s likely to create more problems than solutions.

It already is.